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CBD Terminology – What is What?

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CBD, CBD isolate, CBD distillate, cannabinoids, terpenes, what does it all mean? When it comes to the world of CBD, there are terms you'll want to be familiar with. Before we get into these terms, let's look at CBD and learn a bit more about why do people take CBD?

CBD is the abbreviation for the word cannabidiol. CBD is not a psychedelic. It does not make you high. CBD is found in the buds, leaves, stems, stalks, and seeds of cannabis. CBD is particularly rich in a variety of cannabis known as industrial hemp.

Only EU-approved hemp cultivars containing 0.2% THC or less are legally allowed in the UK. However, the end product container must not contain more than 1mg of any controlled substances such as THC, CBN etc. These regulations are strictly enforced. Anything over 0.2% is considered marijuana and anything over 1mg in a closed container is considered illegal. For this reason, all companies doing legal, reputable business in the UK offer multiple independent third-party lab test results to verify the authenticity of their product. Now that we've covered CBD let's explore CBD terminology.

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Popular CBD Terminology

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are the unique compounds found in the cannabis plant. These include CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC, THC and more.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are compounds found in nature but are not unique to the cannabis plant. Terpenes is what gives the plant its aroma. It is believed that many terpenes provide different benefit from CBD.

CBD Distillate?

CBD distillate is a highly concentrated type of CBD that has been refined using distillation. CBD distillate typically contains levels of CBD that average 75% or higher, along with other cannabinoids like CBG, CBC and minor amounts of THC vape juice from and CBN. CBD distillate also has terpenes, flavonoids, minerals, and amino acids found in the cannabis plant.

CBD Isolate

CBD isolate is pure CBD without any other plant compounds such as terpenes, flavonoids, or other cannabinoids. The end result of CBD isolate is pure CBD crystalline. They are typically 99%+ pure, although never 100%.

Broad Spectrum

Broad spectrum CBD contains cannabinoids like CBG, CBC, terpenes, flavonoids, and more but has zero THC. Some broad-spectrum CBD products may contain trace amounts of CBN so do keep that in mind. Broad spectrum CBD is usually synonymous with CBD distillate without the THC and is used in anxiety vape.

There is no gold standard on the spectrum of cannabinoids present so it can vary from one manufacturer to another. It is best to look at the cannabinoid profile in the third party lab tests

Full Spectrum

Full spectrum CBD vape pen contains everything found in cannabis, including cannabinoids like CBD vs THC and CBN, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, minerals, and amino acids.

As is with broad spectrum, there is no gold standard on the ratios or individual levels of each cannabinoid. So they typically differ from one manufacturer to the next. It is best to check out the third party lab reports to see the cannabinoid profile.

CBD Bast Fibre

CBD bast fibers are located on the outside stalk of an industrial hemp seed from plant. These fibres are extremely durable and strong. They can be manufactured into multiple products, such as fabric, paper, insulation, cordage, and much more.

CBD Tincture

CBD Tincture is not to be confused with CBD oil. CBD Tincture is an alcohol-based liquid extract made using cannabis plant material and high-proof alcohol. The plant material is soaked in high-proof alcohol and then strain to remove all plant material. The liquid left behind is CBD tincture.


CBD oil is an edible oil made from industrial hemp using a carrier oil such as avocado oil, hemp oil, grape seed oil, or MCT oil plus mixed with terpenes for the extra cannabis smell. The extract is decarboxylated and then infused into a carrier oil to create CBD oil.

CBD Vape Oil

CBD vape oil is also known as CBD vape juice or CBD E liquid. It is a vapeable liquid that contains CBD and flavours. There are three main types of CBD vape oils. The first is PG VG based e liquids, the second is MCT oil based vape oil and finally the third is vapeable CBD distillate.

CBD Edibles

CBD edibles as the term suggests are edible or consumable products containing CBD, such as CBD gummies, CBD chocolates, CBD hard candies, and more.

CBD Beverages

CBD beverages are liquid beverages containing CBD, such as CBD coffee, CBD tea, CBD water, CBD beer and more.

CBD Topicals

CBD topicals are CBD products that are topically applied products such as lotions, creams, soaps, salves, balms, bath bombs, and more.

CBD Pharma

CBD pharma are CBD products such as CBD capsules, patches, inhalers, pain creams, and more.

Tips for Finding Quality CBD Products

Follow these 4 simple steps to ensure the CBD product you are buying is a high quality product:

  1. Check for a valid third party lab test to show the cannabinoid profile. This acts as proof the manufacturer's claims about the content of the cannabinoids is true
  2. Check for a valid full panel test. This test shows that there are no harmful chemicals present in the product. This is usually done by those who extract cannabinoids.
  3. Check the product manufacturer follows GMP and has safety certificates or data sheets. This shows the manufacturer is manufacturing responsibly
  4. Purchase from us. We do the above leg work for you and only stock products that are of high quality

If any of the first 3 are missing, or the company is unable to produce the document upon request then do not purchase from them.

Chief Editor Casey A

This article is authored by Dr Casey Abrahamsmen. Dr Abrahamsmen is a board certified physician with over 13 years of experience in internal medicine and pain management. He practises Palliative care at a hospital in Venezuela and is a strong advocative for CBD and believes CBD has a major role to play towards healthy non addictive pain management habits. You can read more about Dr Abrahamsmen here.

This article was peer-reviewed by Dr M Mansoor Siddique (PhD). Dr Siddique has over eight years of experience working with CBD and CBD products.

Disclaimer: All of our products are not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. It is recommended to check with doctor before starting a new dietary supplement program. All CBD products sold have less than 0.2% THC content and abide by both EU an UK law.



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